Last few years have seen a massive increase in the web. There is so much content to look for in the web that one lifetime would not be enough to go through it all. You can find A to Z of life on the web. And people are viewing this content on more than 3,000 web browsers. Now, more users mean more devices, more platform, more browsers and ultimately more ways in which your website can be viewed. Here the company’s major concern should be questioning whether the users see the website the same way you want to see them in each browser?
The growth in the web has also resulted in multiple types of technologies to build this web ecosystem, and a significant diverse tool, like a web browser to access and interact with this content. But, not all technologies are mutually compatible with each other. A web developer has to always make sure that their website is compatible with every technology and here arises the need for cross-browser testing.
Cross-browser testing is the process of testing a website or a web-app across numerous browsers, browser versions running on different systems to ensure rendering of the website stays as intended. In short, the main reason behind performing cross-browser testing is to evaluate the efficiency of the software product to perform and across multiple browsers accurately. Apart from the compatibility of the browser, it also ensures the similar and accurate working of the software product on all browsers.
Features of Cross-browser Testing
When the competition among different companies is at the peak, it is vital for them to test their software systems with different web and mobile browsers. This can be accomplished with the help of cross-browser testing, whose characteristics are described below:
- Its primary feature is to perform testing of web application across different browsers
- It can be carried out manually or with the help of specific tools like BrowserStack, SauceLabs, etc
- By testing the web app, it ensures compatibility with each known and popular browsers
- It involves having a Quality Assurance (QA) team with other teams such as business team, marketing team, designing team, client etc. they help in determining the scope of the testing like, which browser to choose, at what extent, the testing is required to be carried out, and such other things
Why do you Need Cross-Browser Testing?
The website needs to function properly on all types of browser and in all the operating systems. So to ensure that it works fine, we require the help of cross-browser testing.
Other such reasons for needing cross-browser testing are as follows-
- Most of the times, the end users are not necessarily choosy with a particular browser. They have willful access to various types of browsers and mays switch whenever they feel the need to do so, depending on the accessibility and their personal choice
- It is also possible that the software may not work on every browser. But this time, the inability is from the browser side to allow the software product consolidated with the best and the advanced technologies. Under such cases, the cross-browser testing helps in determining the effects along with the potential changes that may be executed in the software product in order to make it congenial with each browser
- Every browser has its own design, architecture, and specifications etc. which make your web page’s style and appearance different from others. Therefore, it might be possible, that the data or coding, which is confidential, and the developer does not want to disclose it, for the security purpose, such as hacking, cracking, etc., may get explore or gets visible, in one or more than one browser.
Advantages of Cross-Browser Testing
Just like any other software testing technique, cross-browser testing also offers various benefits, some of which are mentioned below:
- User Approachability
- Offers a positive company image
- Accurately detects errors and issues in the system
- Improves browser adaptability
Apart from these advantages, cross-browser testing allows the team of testers to validate the behaviour and functionality of the website, application, and software while ensuring its compatibility with multifarious browsers.
If all browser vendors followed open web standards uniformly, then cross-browser testing wouldn’t have been needed. But we live in a world where browsers compete for market share. The onus is on you to deliver an end-user experience that’s consistently delightful across a multitude of browsers and devices.
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